NASA’s plan to return to the moon is called artemis. Like Apollo, a huge Rocket as well as a landing is required to take people into the program to the Moon.
Perhaps the biggest thing about Artemis about Apollo is that this time, the emphasis is on sustainability. Rather than sending people around the Moon for only a few hours, NASA wants to make a permanent post office near the surface of the Moon in the near future.
This is the reason that Artemis has a different component called Gate – a space station dedicated to the construction of the Moon’s orbit. Rather than traveling directly from the Earth to the Moon’s surface, they first travel to the gate and then travel to the moon.
Some tools required for artemis are already deep in development. Two huge rockets and Space Capsule Space Orion Crew have been working for almost a decade. Together, they were the first to fly in 2021. But both gateway and landing required for Artemis began.
It is not enough to make this device alone – it should also be tested. There is a lot to be done, and the success of this project depends on a lot that NASA can get this money or not.
The fact is that NASA officials continue to change the work of employees, this is also not a good sign. The three senior NASA officials have been left or recruited in the last few months.
Again appointment within the agency is a big red flag that NASA is not happy with how things are done. NASA administrator Jim Breedstein said that he hopes for new leaders who can provide better cost estimates and timetables.
Artemis has been mainly built around NASA’s transport for more than a decade. When George W. Bush was President, NASA was also trying to return to the moon – an initiative called the constellation.
For this program, the agency was working on a deep space crew capsule called Orion, besides Ares V.
When the Planetarium was canceled under the Obama administration, these two pieces of hardware were saved, in which the Ares VSLS turned into NASA has long argued that SLS is important for any initiative in deep space because it will be the strongest rocket on completion, capable of roaming between 57,000 and 88,000 pounds on the moon.
But even with such a great start, no vehicle is ready to fly. The first flight of the SLS was due in the beginning of 2017, but now it seems like this first flight will be in 2021, according to Breedenstein.
Both programs have been exposed to more losses and delays due to cost, many critics say that NASA should rely on commercial missiles which are already cheap to fly and fly.
Despite the difficulties around the programs, this step of the Artemis initiative can be the longest with anything.
NASA thought of blowing Orion around the moon using commercial missiles, such as the SpaceX heavy-lift rocket and the ULA heavy-lift missile, but the agency finally decided to stick to the SLS, arguing that this switch To this level was more complex.
Rockets and capsules are guaranteed to be alive because of the good size law makers who want to continue to produce vehicles in their states.
Once the SLS and Orion fly into their first assignment – start a trial called Artemis 1 – the next mission will take the crew on another orbital flight called Artemis.
The pair’s third visit, Artemis 3, will take people to the gate, which is planning to make NASA. A road station will visit them before landing on the Moon.
Gateway Artemis is one aspect of the program, which is to make the entire project more sustainable than Apollo.
It is basically a small version of the International Space Station, which will be in the orbit around the Moon.
The objective is to make the portal work as a platform where astronauts can survive, search the train, and search for the least amount of time.
NASA introduced Gateway concept for the first time in March 2017 before the recent election of president Trump and before the campaign to bring humans back to the moon.
The agency saw the portal as a series of units which were linked together with the houses connected with laboratories, shipping containers and power plants.
As ISS has been gathered over time, the units will come from many different partners – either from commercial companies or from other international space agencies.
The idea was that the gates would be gradually met. Humans first visited the front station in 2024 and then went to the moon in 2028.