This morning, India launched the first spacecraft on the Moon on the Moon. Before landing on the moon in September, the space shuttle will travel to space next month.
If successful, then India will become the fourth country to land on a sound vehicle on the moon.
As part of the Indian Chandrayaan-II mission, landing is one of the moon-powered vehicles. This Chandrayaan-1, which is India’s first robotic mission on the Moon.
Initiative launched in 2008 successfully developed the spacecraft around the Moon and sent an inquiry probing with the Moon.
These compounds have made some important discoveries, especially the presence of ice water on the Moon’s southern pole.
Now, India hopes to keep Chandrayaan-1 on top of the same piece in a single spacecraft, then puts it on the moon for 14 days – the length of a full moon.
The objective is to look closely at the Moon’s southern pole and see how much snow can be there.
Thanks to Chandrayaan-1, scientists know that this water is present, but the quantity and distribution of ice are two open questions.
Its discovery can be important for the discovery of the future moon, where ice can be mined and can be converted into fuel for drinking water or even spacecraft. But only if it is enough for me.
By landing in the Antarctic, India is expected to fully describe this precious resource, as well as a more detailed understanding of the Moon’s surface and structure.
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) President Kylasadivo Sivan said, “For scientific experiments, this is the beginning of a historic journey for India during today’s speech for unexplored exploration.
There is an orbital vehicle in Chandrayaan-2, a landing craft named Vikram and a aircraft named Brajian, which was launched on Monday (July 22) at 5:13 in the morning on the head of India’s GSLV MK-III rocket.
The launch actually kept the vehicles in the orbit of the earth compared to the originally employed – but India says it is good.
ISRO, which oversees the mission, says that the spacecraft will now require less fuel to reach the Moon and will remain in space for more time.
The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft will revolve around the earth in the next few weeks and will travel to the moon before entering the orbit of the Moon in about a month.
From there, the orbit will remain in space around the Moon, while the rover carrying vehicle will be isolated and it will move slightly below the South Pole around 7 September.
If it succeeds, then India will only fulfill what the United States, China and Russia have done before and will be the first country to land on the South Pole.
After two weeks of landing, landing and rover will use a combination of embedded tools to study the area near the landing site.
They will try together to find out more about the surface structure, the region temperature, and the feeling of any moon quake.
Pragyan Rover can travel up to 1640 feet (500 meters) from the landing site for a more comprehensive view of the area.
As soon as the moon starts the night, the surface of these two surface proteins will end. Both depend on solar energy for energy, and the sun disappears from the sky for two full weeks during the night.
In addition, the temperature at night can go below -200 ° F (-130 ° C) and can be cooler than the poles.
In such cold temperatures electronics is difficult to survive. This does not mean that Chandrayaan-2 mission will end. The orbital orbit has to be in the classroom for one year. From there, he will continue to study and study the Moon using his tools.
What Chandrayaan-2 learns, it can be beneficial for India alone, as many countries and companies are trying to detect the Moon in the coming years.
NASA has focused a lot on sending humans back to the moon – especially on the South Pole – while many American companies want to send mechanical vehicles to the moon for exploration.
Chandrayaan-2 can help inform these future movements and gives more detailed information about what the searchers can expect from the South Pole.
Chandrayaan-2 mission took some time to start. India has delayed the beginning of the year from the beginning of the year to the summer.
Originally, the Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft was going to be launched on July 14, but after facing an “technical constraint” an hour before the launch by the engineers, India delayed the flight.